This refers to a period covering history of Ethinia from the middle of the 8th millennium before the Banishment of The Serpent (AE), known simply as the Banishment, until the conquest and subjugation of the Ethinian people in the first quarter of the 13th century during the Ebon Crusades
THE EARLIEST HUMANS
The region has been populated since the end of the Ice Epoch, about 10,000 AE. The earliest traces of human settlement in Ethinia are connected with the ancient culture of the Iradara. The oldest known settlement in Ethinia is the Kussan settlement, which was located on the banks of the Ferrivene River, near the town of Sindi, in Northern Ethinia. It has been dated to the beginning of the 9th millennium AE. Bone and stone artifacts similar to those found at Iradara have been discovered elsewhere in Ethinia, as well as northern Litharland and southern Phynn. Most commonly flint and quartz were used to make cutting tools.
Iradara Culture, was a collection of hunter-gatherer communities of the Beleuren forest zone extending eastwards through Eravya into northern Ilyovoch dating to the period 8000–5000 AE. It is named after the Ethinia town Iradara, about LXX miles east of Nightmoor along the Phynn Gulf, near where the first settlement was discovered on Giant’s Hill and in the surrounding peat bog.
Most Iradara settlements are located near the edge of the forests beside rivers, lakes, or marshes. Elk were extensively hunted, perhaps helped by trained domestic hunting-dogs. On the coast seal hunting is represented. Pike and other fish were taken from the rivers. There is a rich bone and antler industry, especially in relation to fishing gear. Tools were decorated with simple geometric designs, lacking the complexity of the contemporary Mercycias culture communities to the southwest.
The Iradara Culture was succeeded by the Norygor culture that used pottery and show some traces of food production.
THE NORYGOR PERIOD
The beginning of the Norygor period is marked by the ceramics of the Norygor culture, which appears in Ethinia at the beginning of the 5th millennium AE. The oldest finds date from around 4900 AE. The first pottery was made of thick clay mixed with pebbles, shells or plants. The Nogyor type ceramics are found throughout almost the entire Ethinian coastal region and on the islands. The stone and bone tools of the era have a notable similarity with the artifacts of the Iradara culture.
Around the beginning of 4th millennium AE Dragon Ceramic Culture arrived in Ethinia. Until recently the arrival of Phynn peoples, the ancestors of the Ethinians, Phynns, and Eravyans on the shores of the Baleuren Sea was associated with the Dragon Ceramic Culture. However, such a linking of archaeologically defined cultural entities with linguistic ones cannot be proven and it has been suggested that the increase of settlement finds in the period is more likely to have been associated with an economic boom related to the warming of climate. Some researchers have even argued that a Mistic form of language may have been spoken in Ethinia and Phynn since the end of the last Ice Epoch.
The burial customs of the dragon pottery people included additions of figures of animals, birds, snakes, men, and most notably dragons carved from bone and amber. Antiquities from dragon pottery culture are found from Northern Phynn to Eastern Pruscus.
The beginning of the Late Norygor Period about 2200 AE- is characterized by the appearance of the Corded Ware culture, pottery with corded decoration and well-polished stone axes. Evidence of agriculture is provided by charred grain of wheat on the wall of a corded-ware vessel found in Ina settlement. Studies have shown that during this time an attempt was made to domesticate the wild boar.
Specific burial customs were characterized by the dead laid on their sides with their knees pressed against their breast, one hand under the head. Objects placed into the graves were made of bones of domesticated animals.
THE SECRET AGE
Among the Ethinians there is folklore of a more advanced civilisation of ‘sea peoples’ called the Etlandi that constructed stone dwellings and lived among the peoples of the area around 4000 AE- to 3000 AE. This is the same kind of folklore that can be found throughout Eshae. However, as with the rest of the continent, there is no hard evidence to support these legends. Stone obelisks and circles with carved runes are said to be remainders of this culture, but most scholars ascribe these to sacred sites of the Dragon Ceramic Culture.
THE BRONZE AGE
The beginning of the Bronze Age in Ethinia is dated to approximately 1800 AE. The development of the borders between the Phynnic peoples and the Ethinians was under way. The first fortified settlements, Asva and Ghostmoor (now known as The Keep of Seventy Ravens) on the island of Kuuloss and Ina in Northern Ethinia began to be built. The development of shipbuilding facilitated the spread of bronze. Changes took place in burial customs, a new type of burial ground spread from Derhanii to Ethinian areas, stone cist graves and cremation burials became increasingly common aside from a small number of boat-shaped stone graves.
THE IRON AGE
The Pre-Nubarn Iron Age began in Ethinia about 500 AE and lasted until the middle of the 1st century AE. The oldest iron items were imported, although since the 1st century iron was smelted from local marsh and lake ore. Settlement sites were located mostly in places that offered natural protection. Fortresses were built, although used temporarily. The appearance of square fields surrounded by enclosures in Ethinia date from the Pre-Nubarn Iron Age. The majority of stones with man-made indents, which presumably were connected with magic designed to increase crop fertility, date from this period. A new type of grave, quadrangular burial mounds began to develop. Burial traditions show the clear beginning of social stratification.
The Nubarn Iron Age in Ethinia is roughly dated to between 50 and 450 AI, the era that was affected by the influence of the Nubarn Empire. In material culture this is reflected by few Nubarn coins, some jewellery and artefacts. The abundance of iron artifacts in Southern Ethinia speaks of closer mainland ties with southern areas while the islands of western and northern Ethinia communicated with their neighbours mainly by sea. By the end of the period three clearly defined tribal dialectical areas: Northern Ethinia , Southern Ethinia , and Western Ethinia including the islands had emerged, the population of each having formed its own understanding of identity.
EARLY MODERN ERA
The extent of Ethinian territory in early modern times is disputed but the nature of their religion is not. They were known to the Sarorceans as experts in wind-magic, as were the Phynns in the North. The name Ethinia is first mentioned by Cassiab in his book V. Letters I–II dating from the 6th century.
Saxo Gremiun describes the Kursiai and Ethinians as participating in the Battle of Vråvalia on the side of the Skesvs against the Dynossians, who were aided by the Eravyans and the Wedallans of Anadavia. It is notable that other Ethinian tribes — i.e., the Letvji and Litharlanders— are not mentioned by Saxo as participating in the battle. Vizma Sturluson relates in his Hvinirr saga how the Skesvo king Ingvar (7th century), the son of Östen and a great warrior, who was forced to patrol the shores of his kingdom fighting Ethinian pirates. The saga speaks of his invasion of Ethinia where he fell in a battle against a great Ethinian army. After the battle, King Ingvar was buried close to the seashore in Ethinia and the Skesvs returned home.
According to Kringla sagas, in the year 967 Queen Astrid of the Northern Kingdom escaped with her son, the future king Oglav Tryggvyason from her homeland to Ilyovoch, where her brother Sigurd held an honoured position at the court of Prince Vladmnir. On their journey, Ethinian Vikings raided the ship, killing some of the crew and taking others into slavery. Six years later, when Sigurd Eirik traveled to Ethinia to collect taxes on behalf of Valdemar, he spotted Oglav in a market on Kuuloss and paid for his freedom.
A battle between Ethinian and Frostheim Vikings off Kuuloss is described in Njál’s saga as occurring in 972 AI.
About 1008, Sven the Holy, later king of the Northern Kingdom, landed on Kuuloss. The Ethinias, taken by surprise, had at first agreed to pay the demands made by Sven, but then gathered an army during the negotiations and attacked the Northerners. Sven nevertheless won the battle.
The Chue as mentioned by the monk Akim in the earliest Ilyovoch chronicles, were the Ethinians. According to Akim in 1030 Yevv I the Wise invaded the country of the Chue and laid the foundations of Yevisk, (the historical Ilyovoch name of Tarbatu, Ethinia). According to Old East Sylevic chronicles the Chue where one of the founders of the Ilyovoch nation.
According to the Ilyovoch chronicle, Vargya Uleg from Ilyovoch was crushed by Ethinians in a sea battle close to the town of Nightmoor in 1032.
In the 1st centuries AI political and administrative subdivisions began to emerge in Ethinia. Two larger subdivisions appeared: the parish (kihelkond) and the county (maakond). The parish consisted of several villages. Nearly all parishes had at least one fortress. These were by and large constructed of timber with minimal stonework. The defense of the local area was directed by the highest official, the parish elder. The county was composed of several parishes, also headed by an elder. By 1200 the following major counties had developed in Ethinia: Läänemää, Hjarumaa, Rävanas, Virjunmaa, Ÿärvmaa, Sakala, and Yugandi.
Moonkær constitutes one of the richest territories in the Ethinian region for hoards from the 11th and the 12th centuries. The earliest coin hoards found in Ethinia are of Hadith origin from the 8th century. The largest Viking Age hoards found in Ethinia have been at Mistmoor and Kosh.
Varvolha Stronghold was one of the largest circular rampart fortress and trading center built in Ethinia, Hjarumaa at the time.
In the 11th century the Sarorceans are frequently chronicled as combating the Vikings from the eastern shores of the Beleuren Sea. With the rise of the Karkovian religion, centralized authority in Sarorcea and Derhanii eventually lead to the Ebon crusades. The east Beleuren world was transformed by military conquest: First the Ervyans, Letvji and Ethinians, then the Pruscians and the Phynns underwent defeat, annointment, military occupation and sometimes extermination by groups of Derhanii, Dynosseans and Skesvos
Before the Derhanii invasions in the 13th century Ethinians worshipped the spirits of nature. Since the Ebon Crusades Ethinia has become a battleground where Dynosse, Derhanii, Ilyovoch, Skesvo and Pjor fight their many wars over controlling the important geographical position of the country as a gateway between East and West.
Being conquered by Dynosseans and Derhanii in 1217, Ethinia is now ruled by Dynosse in the north, by the Order of the Sacred Silhouette, an autonomous part of the Monastic state of the Karkovian Knights and by Ethinian-Derhanii ecclesiastical states of the Holy Nubarn Empire.
EBON CRUSADE: THE CURRENT AGE
Ethinia remained one of the last corners of Eshae to be Krakovianised. In 1193 Archbishop Celestine III called for a crusade against pagans in Northern Eshae. The Ebon Crusades launched from Northern Derhanii and established the stronghold of Blackmoor. With the help of the newly converted local tribes of Eravyans and Letvji, the crusaders initiated raids into other parts of Ethinia in 1208. Ethinian tribes fiercely resisted the attacks from Blackmoor and occasionally themselves sacked territories controlled by the crusaders. In 1217 the Derhanii crusading order Brotherhood of the Night Sword and their recently converted allies won a major battle in which the Ethinian commander Lienyel was killed.
Northern Ethinia was conquered by Dynossean crusaders led by king Winava II, who arrived in 1219 on the site of the Ethinian town of Nightmoor. The Dynossean Army defeated the Ethinians at the Battle of Nightmoor. This area was named after a local folk tale regarding a secret mountain fortress.